JAMES [SÁKÉJ] YOUNGBLOOD HENDERSON
Native Law Centre of Canada, College of Law
University of Saskatchewan
Date of Birth: December 20, 1944
Place of Birth: Henderson Allotment, Oklahoma
Tribal Citizen of Oklahoma Chickasaw Nation
J.D. (Juris Doctorate), Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA. Thesis: Indian
Statehood in the United States (1974)
B.A., History, California State University, Fullerton, CA. (1967)
Member, Indigenous Bar Association
Research Director, Native Law Centre (2000-1993)
Sessional Lecturer, Native Studies (1996-1995)
Adjunct Professor, Native Studies, College of Arts and Sciences.(1998-1995)
Honors and Awards
2002-1995 Selection and Inclusion, Canadian Who Whos. University of Toronto
2000-1984 Selection and Inclusion, The International Who's Who of Intellectuals,
Vol.6 International Biographical Center, Cambridge, England CB2 3QP.
1999 Alumni Achievement Award, Native American Programs, Harvard University,
1974 Charles Warren Civil Rights Award, Harvard Law School.
· Treaty Rights in the Constitution of Canada, (Carswell in progress
due 2004) with R.L. Barsh.
· Aboriginal Tenure in the Canadian Constitution, (Carswell, 2000)
with Marj Benson and Isobel Findlay.
· Protecting Indigenous Knowledge and Heritage. A Global Challenge,
(Purich Publication, 2000) with M.A. Battiste.
· Míkmaw Concordat, Halifax: Fernwood Press, 1997.
· International Context of Crown-Aboriginal Treaties in Canada,
(RCAP CD-ROM Publications, 1996) with R.L. Barsh.
· Continuing Poundmaker & Reil's Quest, (College of Law, U.S.
Purich Publishing, 1994) co-author with Richard Gosse and Roger Carter.
· The Mikmaq State Papers (Foreign Affairs) 1977-1990, (official
papers of the Grand Council, Union of Nova Scotia Indians 1990) co-author
with M.A. Battiste and R. Barsh.
· The Secular Ulnapskok, (U.N.S.I. PRESS, 1980) with Joe B. Marshall;
1986 update with J.B. Marshall.
· The Road: Indian Tribes And Political Liberty (Berkeley University
of California Press, 1980) with
Papers in Refereed Journals
· "Aboriginal Peoples of Canada perspectives on the Monarchy
on The Queen's Golden Jubilee" 2003 Constitutional Forum.
· "Sui Generis and Treaty Citizenship" in Citizenship
Studies (due in 2003).
· "Diversity and Politics" (2003) Limits to Diversity?:
Implications for Democracies, EU-Canada Workshop convened by the Centre
on Governance of the University of Ottawa. Oct. 25, 2001.
· "Postcolonial Indigenous Legal Consciousness" in 2002
Indigenous Law Journal at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law 1-56.
· "Treaties as a Basis for Aboriginal Self-Government"
Establishing Aboriginal Governments, Banff Center, Feb. 20, 2002.
· "Fiduciary Obligations and Honour of the Crown to Aboriginal
peoples of Canada" In whom we Trust. A Forum on Fiduciary Obligations,
Law Commission of Canada (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2002) at 81-112.
· "Protecting Indigenous Knowledge in International Law,"
Indigenous Intellectual Property and Traditional Knowledge by Creator's
Rights Alliance (CRA) in Saskatoon (November 30-December 1,2002).
· "Creating Changes in the Legal Profession," Keynote
speech, Promoting Dialogue, Creating Change: Equity and Diversity in the
Legal Profession, Upper Canada Law Society, (November 21, 2002).
· "Aboriginal Perspective of Strengthening Agenda Against
Racism," Canadian Race Relations Foundation Summit "Strengthening
the Agenda Against Racism in Canada," (October 24-27, 2002)
· "Respecting Indigenous Heritage and Knowledge in Education,"
World Conference on Indigenous Education, (August 8, 2002)
· "Native Law Centre of Canada and Legal Transformation,"
World Conference on Indigenous Education (August 6, 2002)
· "Protecting Indigenous Knowledge," Provincial Elders
Indigenous Knowledge Gathering (July 5, 2002 Sturgeon Lake First Nation).
Born to the Bear Clan of the Chickasaw Nation and Cheyenne Tribe in Oklahoma
in 1944 and is married to Marie Battiste, an Míkmaw educator. They
have three children.
he received a Juris doctorate in law from Harvard Law School and became
a law professor who created litigation strategies to restore Aboriginal
culture, institutions and rights. He co-authored the book, The Road, Indian
Tribes and Political Liberty and many law review articles on Indian issues.
During the constitutional process (1978-1993) in Canada, he served as
a constitutional advisor for the Míkmaw nation and the NIB-Assembly
of First Nations. He has continued to develop in aboriginal and treaty
right and treaty federalism in constitutional law. His latest books are
on Aboriginal Tenure in the Constitution of Canada (2000) and Protecting
Indigenous Knowledge and Heritage (2000). He is working on Treaty rights
in the Constitution of Canada (2002)
He is a noted
international human rights lawyer and an authority on protecting Indigneous
heritage, knowledge, and culture. He was one of the drafters and expert
advisors of the principles and guidelines for the protection of Indigenous
Heritage in the UN Human Rights fora. Also, he has been a member of the
Advisory Board to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Advisory Committee
to the Canadian Secretariat for the World Conference Against Racism, Racial
Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance (WCAR), within the
department of Canadian Heritage. Currently he is a member of the Sectoral
Commission on Culture, Communication and Information of the Canadian Commission
for UNESCO; Eminent Person Implementation Committee for Traditional Knowledge
in the Biodiversity Convention Office; and Experts Advisory Group on International
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